One of the major causes of tooth loss in adults is periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease, also called gum disease is caused by bacteria that attack gum tissue and if timely action is not taken, it will even attack the tissue and bone holding the teeth.
If left untreated gum disease will lead to painful and puffy gums, bad breath, and ultimately lead to loss of teeth and supporting bone. Periodontal disease is caused by “plaque”, a film that forms on the teeth and other surfaces in the mouth. Plaque is an invisible film that contains bacteria. These bacteria may eat away at the gums and produce toxins that further damage the gums. There are hundreds of types of bacteria, and the only way to avoid the formation of plaque is brushing and flossing every day.